When trying to learn about your HOA, the first thing to determine is usually whether it is incorporated. If so, then the Articles of Incorporation are generally the most important document, and take precedence over all others. These articles may include descriptions of rules, or just establish the existence of the HOA. Specifics are generally spelled out in either the CC&Rs or the bylaws. This will include election procedures for the board, which is at the top of the HOA. Documents will describe what the board can do on its own, what it needs the approval of the residents to do, and what duties are performed by any other party.